Silicon Nanoparticles : Abundantly Available And Commonly Used

Silicon Nanoparticles

Silicon Nanoparticles | Image Resource : scitechdaily.com

Nanotechnology is one of the newer branches of science and technology. It is developing and growing at a rapid pace with new discoveries spurting up every now and then. In the recent years it has seen potential uses in several industries.

Nanoparticles make the base of nanotechnology, there the most commonly used component in Nanotechnology. Nanoparticles are particles of common element which are really small in size, they usually measure between 1 and 100 nanometers approximately on the nanometer scale.

By definition Nanoparticles are a smaller particle of a larger element. They are known to have parallel properties as their parent element, and their transportation and properties are like that of their parent chemical.

Silicon Nanoparticles Are Available In Different Structural Forms


One of the most commonly used Nanoparticle is Silicon Nanoparticles, they are also commonly known as si-nanoparticles or nano-silica. Silicon in its parent form is easily available and widely used in several industries. The name Silicon originates from the Latin word silex which means flint or hard stone.

Silicon or silica makes up 25.7% of the earth's crust, It is the second element which is available abundantly available throughout the world following only oxygen.

Though it is easily available it is rarely found in pure crystal form and is usually produced from the iron-silicon alloy. Silica is used as one of the main components in the manufacturing of glass, it is known to be one of the most inexpensive of materials with excellent mechanical, optical, thermal, and electrical properties. The name Silicon originates from the Latin word silex which means flint or hard stone.

Due to the stability, low toxicity and ability to be function with a wide range of different molecules Silicon Nanoparticles, are the one of the most important components in biomedical research.

The Applications Of Silica Nanoparticles Are Classified According To Their Structure


There are two widely used structures of them, the P-type (Porous particles) and S-type (Spherical particles). The P-type nanoparticles are represented by infinite nanopores and has pore rate of 0.61 ml/g, while on the other hand the S-type particles are usually have a smaller surface area. The P-type nano-silica particle presents higher ultraviolet reflectivity as compared to the S-type.

One of the most interesting applications of Silicon Nanoparticles is that they radically increase the storage capacity of lithium ion batteries without diminishing the silicon during the development/reduction cycle which happens as the battery is charged and discharged.

They are also used in the production of a wide range of ceramics, strengthening filler for concrete and other construction composites such as ceramics (sugar) porcelain, gypsum, batteries, glass, steel, fiber, glass.

In the production of rubber and plastic they used as additives to strengthen the end product. Similar in the construction industries also it has varied used in the manufacturing of concrete and composites fillers.

Today like everything else even these particles can be bought online. There are several reputable and verified retailers who sell authentic substance at reasonable prices.

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